Wednesday, April 19, 2017
International Adoptions at a 35 year low, Armenia adoptions the most expensive 2016 Report 5,372 adoptions
Annual Report on Intercountry Adoptions Narrative The 2016 Annual Report on Intercountry Adoption, as required by Section 104 of the Intercountry Adoption Act of 2000, provides data and other information on intercountry adoptions to and from the United States from October 1, 2015, through September 30, 2016. The report is released after a thorough review of the available data to ensure the information is accurate. In addition to the actual data, this review includes a summary of the Bureau of Consular Affairs, Office of Children’s Issues, Adoption Division’s efforts for the fiscal year. Overview of 2016 In Fiscal Year (FY) 2016, the Department began to fully implement the adoption strategy developed in FY 2015, increasing proactive efforts to maintain intercountry adoption as a viable option for children in need of permanency around the world. The Department is working to identify barriers and threats to the initiation and continuation of intercountry adoption, and to develop ways to work with other countries to address those factors. In doing so, the Department traveled to 30 countries, hosted 26 delegations and representatives from other countries, and engaged in multilateral meetings and efforts to improve practices. The Department has identified three major issues impacting the viability of intercountry adoption: delays in completing postadoption reports for children already adopted; countries’ concerns about illegal or unethical practices by adoption service providers (ASPs) and the ability to appropriately monitor ASP activities; and concerns about the unregulated custody transfer (sometimes referred to as “rehoming”) of adopted children. The 5,372 immigrant visas issued to children adopted abroad or coming to the United States to be adopted by U.S. citizens in FY 2016 are slightly fewer than the previous year, but generally reflect standard fluctuations in the total number of intercountry adoptions from various countries, with the exception of Ethiopia, which continued its multi-year decline. Fifteen countries with no intercountry adoptions by U.S. citizens in FY 2015 approved one or more adoptions in FY 2016. In FY 2016, 89 intercountry adoptions from the United States to other countries were reported to the Department.